Transformation to Organic Production Opportunities

Opportunities For Transformation Of Organic Production


There Are A Number Of Reasons Contributing To The Trend Towards Organic Agriculture, Which Can Be Summarized As Follows:


• Global Demand For This Agriculture Is Growing In The Long Run Because Of Its Benefits To People's Health And The Environment And The Long-Term Fertility Of Soil.

• Increasing Global Pressure To Combat Disease Without Harming The Environment And Ensuring That Soil, Water And Air Remain Clean And Safe.

• Use Resources Already In The Farm (Ie Closed System) That Make Farmers Need Less Money To Buy Agricultural Inputs.

• Production Of Healthy Food, Feed And Food Products Of High Quality.

• Less Need For Agricultural Inputs Than Other Farming Systems.

• Farmer Obtains Higher Prices Than Profits.

• Obtaining Government Subsidies To Support Such Agriculture As In The European Union, Which Provides Subsidies To Reduce Groundwater Pollution.




1. The Interest Of The Syrian Government In The Organic Agriculture Sector And The Issuance Of Organic Production Decree No. 12 Of 2012 Regulating This Agriculture, Accompanied By The Creation Of The Directorate Of The Office Of Organic Production In The Ministry Of Agriculture And Agrarian Reform.


2. Introducing This Type Of Product Into The Government's Five-Year And Annual Plans.


3. The Emergence Of Some Popular Markets For Municipal Products (Without The Excessive Use Of Chemicals) Such As The Market Of The Estate In Some Areas (Lattakia And Swaida), Which Could Be The Future Market For Organic Products.


4. Syria Has A Wide Variety Of Local Varieties Of Fruit Trees (Olives, Figs, Grapes, Almonds, Apricots, Pomegranates, Etc.) And Vegetables (Lettuce, Peppers, Eggplant, Onion, Bamia, Zucchini And Other Medicinal And Wild Plants) Characterized By Good Specifications And Adapting To Local Conditions And Resistance To Many Diseases, Which Encourages The Possibility Of Benefiting From The Breeding Programs And Genetic Improvement And Purification To Be The Entrance To Organic Agriculture In Syria.



5. Many Rainfed Crops Are Spread In Syria In Many Areas, Which Are Easily Converted To Organic Agriculture, Because The Agricultural Inputs Provided To Them Are Very Limited.


6. Many Of The Wild Assets Of Plant Species In Syria, Which Are Resistant To Environmental Stresses (Drought, Frosts, Salinity Of Soil And Water, Lack Of Nutrients Or Some Of Them Close To Toxicity), Are Resistant To Pests And Can Be Used As Assets To Be Vaccinated Or In Genetic Improvement And Hybridization Programs. (Such As Cherries For Cherries, Peanuts For Pistachios, Wild Almonds And Wild Olives).


7- The Fungal Use Of Organic Or Animal Organic Fertilizers By The Syrian Farms And Its Acceptance To Abandon The Use Of Chemical Fertilizers For Its Belief In Its Damage To The Soil, While Applying It To The Agricultural Cycle On Crops Since Ancient Times For Its Importance.


8. The Ministry Of Agriculture And Agrarian Reform Adopts A Policy Of Targeting Biological Control Programs For Many Economic Pests To Reduce Environmental Pollution, Both In The Product And In The Soil, And Promotes Biodiversity. This Facilitates The Transition To Organic Agriculture.


9. The Ministry Of Agriculture And Agrarian Reform Continues To Reclaim New Agricultural Land And Introduce It To Agriculture, Allowing For The Introduction Of Organic Agriculture More Easily Than Others.


10. The Syrian Badia Constitutes The Largest Percentage Of Land In Syria, Which Is Considered A Suitable Place For Raising Herds Of Sheep, Which Depends On The Natural Plant Resources Available In This Desert.


11. Many Agricultural Areas Have No Industrial Facilities That Can Threaten The Environment And Contaminate Them And Thus Can Be Converted To Organic Farming.

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